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tv   Book TV  CSPAN  February 17, 2014 7:50am-8:01am EST

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really do what you love into something you're really excited about. not just because that's more fulfilling to yourself, but to be coldhearted and economic about it, in those kind of winner-take-all markets, there will be rewards for being the very best at something. it will not be a lot of reports are being average or above average. there are a few people who can really be the best at anything unless they really love it, enjoy doing it and spend sometime on it. so those three pieces of advice i think are probably the best kind of guidance for a child or with anybody going forward in the second machine age. >> like you say, this is probably the most common question is a pared question. very often about how college age kids, so to piece of advice but the first one is for the kids hit the damn books. one of the most inspiring research we came across is about this gradual slide in and out of hard work going on at college campuses these days, and the
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concurrent slide in what people are actually learning. win, i guess they should be in class but instead they're playing bierbaum. there appears to have been a slide in amount of learning and a very expensive colleges. and spend time on both sides. by all means go hang out with the drama geeks and english geeks and the renaissance geeks. that's awesome, but then walked to the other side of campus and go hang out the applied math geeks and computer science geeks and the physics geeks as well. having both halves of your brain working code i is in the best preparation for the world we're heading in. >> then very quickly, yes or no car going to figure this out because yes. i think it all depends on how we react. there is no inevitable future either this positive or negative, and one of the reasons
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we are glad all of you came to this room and were hoping to change the conversation is that yes, we will figure out if we make the effort but no, we won't if we just sit back and coast. >> that's a better answer. [laughter] [applause] >> our thanks to erik brynjolfsson and andrew mcafee, authors of "the second machine age: work, progress, and prosperity in a time of brilliant technologies." we also want to thank our audiences here and on radio, television and the internet. i'm andrew leonard from salon.com, and now the meeting of the commonwealth club of california, the place where you are in the know, is adjourned. [applause] [inaudible conversations]
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[inaudible conversations] >> we would like to hear from you. tweet us your feedback. twitter.com/booktv. >> the context here is that lee and his reputation in the modern-day as someone who counseled acceptance and submission and resignation to the situation. and that has always struck me as, it's a sort of series that doesn't add up in the sense that we know he was the most prestigious man in the south but
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were told the counseled submission but we know in the end the south didn't submit to the will of the north. they begin very quickly to contest the northern understanding of the meaning of the war and peace in northern plans for reconstruction. and violent means. what i found is that in the eyes of confederates, lee was not a symbol of submission. he was a symbol of the kind of unbowed pride and a kind of measured defiance spent rethink in grant and lee at appomattox sunday morning at 11 eastern to part of a three-day presidents' day weekend on c-span3's american history tv. >> why would you trust iran? look at their track record. is not a question of trust. it's a question of finding a way that stops them from doing that. one way to stop them is to get
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rid of all the enrichment facilities. so-called zero option. that would be ideal. you raise it to the ground and sold it to make sure they can never do it again. we could get that idea back in 2003 when i first came to us when they weren't operating any centrifuges. he could have a deal in 2000 i went on a few hundred spending, a test of 40. they actually proposed talks with the united states. we weren't interested at that point. the view in the china government under the bush administration was, as vice president dick cheney said, we don't negotiate with evil. we defeated. that he was we will topple the repressive regimes in the middle east one after the other. that strategy didn't work out so well. we didn't talk with iran. iran built centrifuges. by the end of the bush administration had gone from zero to 8000, and they're still building. that's only have a problem. at this point no politician in iran could possibly agree to give up this facility that they
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spent tens, maybe $100 billion on and has become a huge source of national pride and support across the political spectrum and i've been. you've got to find what to back them down, give them a face saving way out, to shrink this facility and make sure that they only use it for enrichment for fuel and never use it for enrichment for a bomb. can you do that? that's the diplomatic challenge. that's what's going on in geneva. it's off to a good start. this interim agreement freezes the program in place. so while we continue to negotiate for final solution, which he said has to be completed in six months, we make sure the iranians are not doing a march on us. that they are not advancing while we are talking. freezes the program in place. that they are now prohibited from making any more centrifuges, from installing any more centrifuges, from turning on any of the thousands of
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centrifuges they put in place but are not yet operational. they also have agreed that any further low-enriched uranium they produce, they will turn into this powder, into this oxide that it can't be used later, or much more difficult to use later to make for a bomb. they've also great in some other areas to stop work on another kind of reactor, what's called a heavy-water reactor that could make plutonium, another possible component for a bomb. so they stopped any major work on that facility. most importantly they have opened up a more facility for international inspectors from the iaea and they've agreed to daily inspections. so instead of these guys going around every week or every two weeks, they now go every day or will be able to go once the deal begins in the beginning of 2014. so daily inspections so we can make sure they're doing they say
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what to do. a really good news is part of the program they have rolled back. you all remember the israeli trimester benjamin netanyahu going to the u.n. podium in september 2012 and had a cartoon drawing of a bomb in a very dramatic, very skilled gesture. it was on the front page of every paper around the world. and in that cartoon drawing he had a red line that you do on top and he warned that iran was building up a stockpile our 20% enriched uranium. not three or five, the 20% enriched uranium. if they build up a certain amount they would have enough to quickly convert into a to afford a bomb within weeks or months, he said. that was the urgent threat. that's what we had to stop. this deal stop that threat. this deal drains mr. netanyahu's bomb. iran agreed to get rid of the 20% of enrichment they have by diluting it down or converting it into a form that can't be
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used for a bomb and they pledged not to make anymore. and the way we will verify that is by the inspectors going there everyday making sure they are not doing it. but that does is it lengthens the fuse. it makes it harder for iran to make a dash for a bomb. they still could do it. if iran decided today that they want to take that low-enriched uranium and put it back in a centrifuge and spin it up so more and make enough for one bomb, they can operate do that in a matter of three or four months. but now we know they are doing it. we see them doing it and we have time to take appropriate action. >> you can watch this and other programs online at the booktv.org. >> c-span greeted by a america's cable companies 35 years ago and brought to you today as a public service by your television provider. ..
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first of all, i think that the commite itself, the energy and commerce committee which is one of the old toest committees in the congress, is really the committee of future. its jurisdictions are so broad and so powerful, and it's very exciting. and so to step into that position, which is not easy to do because you have to be elected by your colleagues, i

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